ADOX (Unsigned Integer Addition of Two Operands with Overflow Flag)

Opcodes

Opcode/Instruction Op/En 64/32bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
F3 0F 38 F6 /r ADOX r32, r/m32 RM V/V ADX Unsigned addition of r32 with OF, r/m32 to r32, writes OF.
REX.w + F3 0F 38 F6 /r ADOX r64, r/m64 RM V/NE ADX Unsigned addition of r64 with OF, r/m64 to r64, writes OF.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
RM ModRM:reg (r, w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA

Description

Performs an unsigned addition of the destination operand (first operand), the source operand (second operand) and the overflow-flag (OF) and stores the result in the destination operand. The destination operand is a general-purpose register, whereas the source operand can be a general-purpose register or memory location. The state of OF represents a carry from a previous addition. The instruction sets the OF flag with the carry generated by the unsigned addition of the operands.

The ADOX instruction is executed in the context of multi-precision addition, where we add a series of operands with a carry-chain. At the beginning of a chain of additions, we execute an instruction to zero the OF (e.g. XOR).

This instruction is supported in real mode and virtual-8086 mode. The operand size is always 32 bits if not in 64-bit mode.

In 64-bit mode, the default operation size is 32 bits. Using a REX Prefix in the form of REX.R permits access to addi-tional registers (R8-15). Using REX Prefix in the form of REX.W promotes operation to 64-bits.

ADOX executes normally either inside or outside a transaction region.

Note: ADOX defines the CF and OF flags differently than the ADD/ADC instructions as defined in Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 2A.

Operation

IF OperandSize is 64-bit
    THEN OF:DEST[63:0] ← DEST[63:0] + SRC[63:0] + OF;
    ELSE OF:DEST[31:0] ← DEST[31:0] + SRC[31:0] + OF;
FI;

Flags Affected

OF is updated based on result. CF, SF, ZF, AF and PF flags are unmodified.

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

unsigned char _addcarryx_u32 (unsigned char c_in, unsigned int src1, unsigned int src2, unsigned int *sum_out);

unsigned char _addcarryx_u64 (unsigned char c_in, unsigned __int64 src1, unsigned __int64 src2, unsigned __int64 *sum_out);

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

None

Protected Mode Exceptions

#UD If the LOCK prefix is used. If CPUID.(EAX=07H, ECX=0H):EBX.ADX[bit 19] = 0.
#SS(0) For an illegal address in the SS segment.
#GP(0) For an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS or GS segments. If the DS, ES, FS, or GS register is used to access memory and it contains a null segment selector.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

#UD If the LOCK prefix is used. If CPUID.(EAX=07H, ECX=0H):EBX.ADX[bit 19] = 0.
#SS(0) For an illegal address in the SS segment.
#GP(0) If any part of the operand lies outside the effective address space from 0 to FFFFH.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

#UD If the LOCK prefix is used. If CPUID.(EAX=07H, ECX=0H):EBX.ADX[bit 19] = 0.
#SS(0) For an illegal address in the SS segment.
#GP(0) If any part of the operand lies outside the effective address space from 0 to FFFFH.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

#UD If the LOCK prefix is used. If CPUID.(EAX=07H, ECX=0H):EBX.ADX[bit 19] = 0.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form.
#PF(fault-code) For a page fault.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.