FXCH (Exchange Register Contents)

Opcodes

Opcode Instruction 64-Bit Mode Compat/Leg Mode Description
D9 C8+i FXCH ST(i) Valid Valid Exchange the contents of ST(0) and ST(i).
D9 C9 FXCH Valid Valid Exchange the contents of ST(0) and ST(1).

Description

Exchanges the contents of registers ST(0) and ST(i). If no source operand is specified, the contents of ST(0) and ST(1) are exchanged.

This instruction provides a simple means of moving values in the FPU register stack to the top of the stack [ST(0)], so that they can be operated on by those floating-point instructions that can only operate on values in ST(0). For example, the following instruction sequence takes the square root of the third register from the top of the register stack:

FXCH ST(3);

FSQRT;

FXCH ST(3);

This instruction’s operation is the same in non-64-bit modes and 64-bit mode.

Operation

IF (Number-of-operands) is 1
    THEN
         temp ← ST(0);
         ST(0) ← SRC;
         SRC ← temp;
    ELSE
         temp ← ST(0);
         ST(0) ← ST(1);
         ST(1) ← temp;
FI;

FPU Flags Affected

C1 Set to 0.
C0, C2, C3 Undefined.

Floating-Point Exceptions

#IS Stack underflow occurred.

Protected Mode Exceptions

#NM CR0.EM[bit 2] or CR0.TS[bit 3] = 1.
#MF If there is a pending x87 FPU exception.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.