PCMPESTRM (Packed Compare Explicit Length Strings, Return Mask)

Opcodes

Opcode/Instruction Op/En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
66 0F 3A 60 /r imm8 PCMPESTRM xmm1, xmm2/m128, imm8 RMI V/V SSE4_2 Perform a packed comparison of string data with explicit lengths, generating a mask, and storing the result in XMM0
VEX.128.66.0F3A.WIG 60 /r ib VPCMPESTRM xmm1, xmm2/m128, imm8 RMI V/V AVX Perform a packed comparison of string data with explicit lengths, generating a mask, and storing the result in XMM0.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
RMI ModRM:reg (r) ModRM:r/m (r) imm8 NA

Description

The instruction compares data from two string fragments based on the encoded value in the imm8 contol byte (see Section 4.1, “Imm8 Control Byte Operation for PCMPESTRI / PCMPESTRM / PCMPISTRI / PCMPISTRM”), and gener-ates a mask stored to XMM0.

Each string fragment is represented by two values. The first value is an xmm (or possibly m128 for the second operand) which contains the data elements of the string (byte or word data). The second value is stored in an input length register. The input length register is EAX/RAX (for xmm1) or EDX/RDX (for xmm2/m128). The length repre-sents the number of bytes/words which are valid for the respective xmm/m128 data.

The length of each input is interpreted as being the absolute-value of the value in the length register. The absolute-value computation saturates to 16 (for bytes) and 8 (for words), based on the value of imm8[bit3] when the value in the length register is greater than 16 (8) or less than -16 (-8).

The comparison and aggregation operations are performed according to the encoded value of Imm8 bit fields (see Section 4.1). As defined by imm8[6], IntRes2 is then either stored to the least significant bits of XMM0 (zero extended to 128 bits) or expanded into a byte/word-mask and then stored to XMM0.

Note that the Arithmetic Flags are written in a non-standard manner in order to supply the most relevant informa-tion:

CFlag – Reset if IntRes2 is equal to zero, set otherwise

ZFlag – Set if absolute-value of EDX is 16 (8), reset otherwise

SFlag – Set if absolute-value of EAX is 16 (8), reset otherwise

OFlag –IntRes2[0]

AFlag – Reset

PFlag – Reset

Note: In VEX.128 encoded versions, bits (VLMAX-1:128) of XMM0 are zeroed. VEX.vvvv is reserved and must be 1111b, VEX.L must be 0, otherwise the instruction will #UD.

Effective Operand Size

Operating mode/size Operand1 Operand 2 Length1 Length2 Result
16 bit xmm xmm/m128 EAX EDX XMM0
32 bit xmm xmm/m128 EAX EDX XMM0
64 bit xmm xmm/m128 EAX EDX XMM0
64 bit + REX.W xmm xmm/m128 RAX RDX XMM0

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent For Returning Mask

__m128i _mm_cmpestrm (__m128i a, int la, __m128i b, int lb, const int mode);

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsics For Reading EFlag Results

int _mm_cmpestra (__m128i a, int la, __m128i b, int lb, const int mode);

int _mm_cmpestrc (__m128i a, int la, __m128i b, int lb, const int mode);

int _mm_cmpestro (__m128i a, int la, __m128i b, int lb, const int mode);

int _mm_cmpestrs (__m128i a, int la, __m128i b, int lb, const int mode);

int _mm_cmpestrz (__m128i a, int la, __m128i b, int lb, const int mode);

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

None.

Other Exceptions

See Exceptions Type 4; additionally, this instruction does not cause #GP if the memory operand is not aligned to 16 Byte boundary, and

#UD If VEX.L = 1. If VEX.vvvv ≠ 1111B.