PHSUBSW (Packed Horizontal Subtract and Saturate)

Opcodes

Opcode/Instruction Op/En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
0F 38 07 /r1 PHSUBSW mm1, mm2/m64 RM V/V SSSE3 Subtract 16-bit signed integer horizontally, pack saturated integers to mm1.
66 0F 38 07 /r PHSUBSW xmm1, xmm2/m128 RM V/V SSSE3 Subtract 16-bit signed integer horizontally, pack saturated integers to xmm1.
VEX.NDS.128.66.0F38.WIG 07 /r VPHSUBSW xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m128 RVM V/V AVX Subtract 16-bit signed integer horizontally, pack saturated integers to xmm1.
VEX.NDS.256.66.0F38.WIG 07 /r VPHSUBSW ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256 RVM V/V AVX2 Subtract 16-bit signed integer horizontally, pack saturated integers to ymm1.

NOTES:

1. See note in Section 2.4, “Instruction Exception Specification” in the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 2A and Section 22.25.3, “Exception Conditions of Legacy SIMD Instructions Operating on MMX Registers” in the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 3A.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
RM ModRM:reg (r, w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA
RVM ModRM:reg (r, w) VEX.vvvv (r) ModRM:r/m (r) NA

Description

(V)PHSUBSW performs horizontal subtraction on each adjacent pair of 16-bit signed integers by subtracting the most significant word from the least significant word of each pair in the source and destination operands. The signed, saturated 16-bit results are packed to the destination operand (first operand). When the source operand is a 128-bit memory operand, the operand must be aligned on a 16-byte boundary or a general-protection exception (#GP) will be generated.

Legacy SSE version: Both operands can be MMX registers. The second source operand can be an MMX register or a 64-bit memory location.

128-bit Legacy SSE version: The first source and destination operands are XMM registers. The second source operand is an XMM register or a 128-bit memory location. Bits (VLMAX-1:128) of the corresponding YMM destina-tion register remain unchanged.

In 64-bit mode, use the REX prefix to access additional registers.

VEX.128 encoded version: The first source and destination operands are XMM registers. The second source operand is an XMM register or a 128-bit memory location. Bits (VLMAX-1:128) of the destination YMM register are zeroed.

VEX.256 encoded version: The first source and destination operands are YMM registers. The second source operand can be an YMM register or a 256-bit memory location.

Note: VEX.L must be 0, otherwise the instruction will #UD.

Operation

PHSUBSW (with 64-bit operands)

    mm1[15-0] = SaturateToSignedWord(mm1[15-0] - mm1[31-16]);
    mm1[31-16] = SaturateToSignedWord(mm1[47-32] - mm1[63-48]);
    mm1[47-32] = SaturateToSignedWord(mm2/m64[15-0] - mm2/m64[31-16]);
    mm1[63-48] = SaturateToSignedWord(mm2/m64[47-32] - mm2/m64[63-48]);

PHSUBSW (with 128-bit operands)

    xmm1[15-0] = SaturateToSignedWord(xmm1[15-0] - xmm1[31-16]);
    xmm1[31-16] = SaturateToSignedWord(xmm1[47-32] - xmm1[63-48]);
    xmm1[47-32] = SaturateToSignedWord(xmm1[79-64] - xmm1[95-80]);
    xmm1[63-48] = SaturateToSignedWord(xmm1[111-96] - xmm1[127-112]);
    xmm1[79-64] = SaturateToSignedWord(xmm2/m128[15-0] - xmm2/m128[31-16]);
    xmm1[95-80] =SaturateToSignedWord(xmm2/m128[47-32] - xmm2/m128[63-48]);
    xmm1[111-96] =SaturateToSignedWord(xmm2/m128[79-64] - xmm2/m128[95-80]);
    xmm1[127-112]= SaturateToSignedWord(xmm2/m128[111-96] - xmm2/m128[127-112]);

VPHSUBSW (VEX.128 encoded version)

DEST[15:0]= SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[15:0] - SRC1[31:16])
DEST[31:16] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[47:32] - SRC1[63:48])
DEST[47:32] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[79:64] - SRC1[95:80])
DEST[63:48] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[111:96] - SRC1[127:112])
DEST[79:64] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[15:0] - SRC2[31:16])
DEST[95:80] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[47:32] - SRC2[63:48])
DEST[111:96] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[79:64] - SRC2[95:80])
DEST[127:112] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[111:96] - SRC2[127:112])
DEST[VLMAX-1:128] ← 0

VPHSUBSW (VEX.256 encoded version)

DEST[15:0]= SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[15:0] - SRC1[31:16])
DEST[31:16] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[47:32] - SRC1[63:48])
DEST[47:32] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[79:64] - SRC1[95:80])
DEST[63:48] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[111:96] - SRC1[127:112])
DEST[79:64] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[15:0] - SRC2[31:16])
DEST[95:80] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[47:32] - SRC2[63:48])
DEST[111:96] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[79:64] - SRC2[95:80])
DEST[127:112] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[111:96] - SRC2[127:112])
DEST[143:128]= SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[143:128] - SRC1[159:144])
DEST[159:144] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[175:160] - SRC1[191:176])
DEST[175:160] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[207:192] - SRC1[223:208])
DEST[191:176] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC1[239:224] - SRC1[255:240])
DEST[207:192] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[143:128] - SRC2[159:144])
DEST[223:208] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[175:160] - SRC2[191:176])
DEST[239:224] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[207:192] - SRC2[223:208])
DEST[255:240] = SaturateToSignedWord(SRC2[239:224] - SRC2[255:240])

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

PHSUBSW:

__m64 _mm_hsubs_pi16 (__m64 a, __m64 b)

(V)PHSUBSW:

__m128i _mm_hsubs_epi16 (__m128i a, __m128i b)

VPHSUBSW:

__m256i _mm256_hsubs_epi16 (__m256i a, __m256i b)

SIMD Floating-Point Exceptions

None.

Other Exceptions

See Exceptions Type 4; additionally

#UD If VEX.L = 1.