PREFETCHh (Prefetch Data Into Caches)

Opcodes

Opcode Instruction Op/En 64-Bit Mode Compat/Leg Mode Description
0F 18 /1 PREFETCHT0 m8 M Valid Valid Move data from m8 closer to the processor using T0 hint.
0F 18 /2 PREFETCHT1 m8 M Valid Valid Move data from m8 closer to the processor using T1 hint.
0F 18 /3 PREFETCHT2 m8 M Valid Valid Move data from m8 closer to the processor using T2 hint.
0F 18 /0 PREFETCHNTA m8 M Valid Valid Move data from m8 closer to the processor using NTA hint.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
M ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA NA

Description

Fetches the line of data from memory that contains the byte specified with the source operand to a location in the cache hierarchy specified by a locality hint:

— Pentium III processor—1st- or 2nd-level cache.

— Pentium 4 and Intel Xeon processors—2nd-level cache.

— Pentium III processor—2nd-level cache.

— Pentium 4 and Intel Xeon processors—2nd-level cache.

— Pentium III processor—2nd-level cache.

— Pentium 4 and Intel Xeon processors—2nd-level cache.

— Pentium III processor—1st-level cache

— Pentium 4 and Intel Xeon processors—2nd-level cache

The source operand is a byte memory location. (The locality hints are encoded into the machine level instruction using bits 3 through 5 of the ModR/M byte.)

If the line selected is already present in the cache hierarchy at a level closer to the processor, no data movement occurs. Prefetches from uncacheable or WC memory are ignored.

The PREFETCHh instruction is merely a hint and does not affect program behavior. If executed, this instruction moves data closer to the processor in anticipation of future use.

The implementation of prefetch locality hints is implementation-dependent, and can be overloaded or ignored by a processor implementation. The amount of data prefetched is also processor implementation-dependent. It will, however, be a minimum of 32 bytes.

It should be noted that processors are free to speculatively fetch and cache data from system memory regions that are assigned a memory-type that permits speculative reads (that is, the WB, WC, and WT memory types). A PREFETCHh instruction is considered a hint to this speculative behavior. Because this speculative fetching can occur at any time and is not tied to instruction execution, a PREFETCHh instruction is not ordered with respect to the fence instructions (MFENCE, SFENCE, and LFENCE) or locked memory references. A PREFETCHh instruction is also

unordered with respect to CLFLUSH instructions, other PREFETCHh instructions, or any other general instruction. It is ordered with respect to serializing instructions such as CPUID, WRMSR, OUT, and MOV CR.

This instruction’s operation is the same in non-64-bit modes and 64-bit mode.

Operation

FETCH (m8);

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

void _mm_prefetch(char *p, int i)

The argument “*p” gives the address of the byte (and corresponding cache line) to be prefetched. The value “i” gives a constant (_MM_HINT_T0, _MM_HINT_T1, _MM_HINT_T2, or _MM_HINT_NTA) that specifies the type of prefetch operation to be performed.

Numeric Exceptions

None.

Exceptions (All Operating Modes)

#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.