PUNPCKHBW/PUNPCKHWD/PUNPCKHDQ/PUNPCKHQDQ (Unpack High Data)

Opcodes

Opcode/Instruction Op/En 64/32 bit Mode Support CPUID Feature Flag Description
0F 68 /r1 PUNPCKHBW mm, mm/m64 RM V/V MMX Unpack and interleave high-order bytes from mm and mm/m64 into mm.
66 0F 68 /r PUNPCKHBW xmm1, xmm2/m128 RM V/V SSE2 Unpack and interleave high-order bytes from xmm1 and xmm2/m128 into xmm1.
0F 69 /r1 PUNPCKHWD mm, mm/m64 RM V/V MMX Unpack and interleave high-order words from mm and mm/m64 into mm.
66 0F 69 /r PUNPCKHWD xmm1, xmm2/m128 RM V/V SSE2 Unpack and interleave high-order words from xmm1 and xmm2/m128 into xmm1.
0F 6A /r1 PUNPCKHDQ mm, mm/m64 RM V/V MMX Unpack and interleave high-order doublewords from mm and mm/m64 into mm.
66 0F 6A /r PUNPCKHDQ xmm1, xmm2/m128 RM V/V SSE2 Unpack and interleave high-order doublewords from xmm1 and xmm2/m128 into xmm1.
66 0F 6D /r PUNPCKHQDQ xmm1, xmm2/m128 RM V/V SSE2 Unpack and interleave high-order quadwords from xmm1 and xmm2/m128 into xmm1.
VEX.NDS.128.66.0F.WIG 68/r VPUNPCKHBW xmm1,xmm2, xmm3/m128 RVM V/V AVX Interleave high-order bytes from xmm2 and xmm3/m128 into xmm1.
VEX.NDS.128.66.0F.WIG 69/r VPUNPCKHWD xmm1,xmm2, xmm3/m128 RVM V/V AVX Interleave high-order words from xmm2 and xmm3/m128 into xmm1.
VEX.NDS.128.66.0F.WIG 6A/r VPUNPCKHDQ xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m128 RVM V/V AVX Interleave high-order doublewords from xmm2 and xmm3/m128 into xmm1.
VEX.NDS.128.66.0F.WIG 6D/r VPUNPCKHQDQ xmm1, xmm2, xmm3/m128 RVM V/V AVX Interleave high-order quadword from xmm2 and xmm3/m128 into xmm1 register.
VEX.NDS.256.66.0F.WIG 68 /r VPUNPCKHBW ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256 RVM V/V AVX2 Interleave high-order bytes from ymm2 and ymm3/m256 into ymm1 register.
VEX.NDS.256.66.0F.WIG 69 /r VPUNPCKHWD ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256 RVM V/V AVX2 Interleave high-order words from ymm2 and ymm3/m256 into ymm1 register.
VEX.NDS.256.66.0F.WIG 6A /r VPUNPCKHDQ ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256 RVM V/V AVX2 Interleave high-order doublewords from ymm2 and ymm3/m256 into ymm1 register.
VEX.NDS.256.66.0F.WIG 6D /r VPUNPCKHQDQ ymm1, ymm2, ymm3/m256 RVM V/V AVX2 Interleave high-order quadword from ymm2 and ymm3/m256 into ymm1 register.

NOTES:

1. See note in Section 2.4, “Instruction Exception Specification” in the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 2A and Section 22.25.3, “Exception Conditions of Legacy SIMD Instructions Operating on MMX Registers” in the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 3A.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
RM ModRM:reg (r, w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA
RVM ModRM:reg (w) VEX.vvvv (r) ModRM:r/m (r) NA

Description

Unpacks and interleaves the high-order data elements (bytes, words, doublewords, or quadwords) of the destina-tion operand (first operand) and source operand (second operand) into the destination operand. Figure 4-16 shows the unpack operation for bytes in 64-bit operands. The low-order data elements are ignored.

Figure 4-16. PUNPCKHBW Instruction Operation Using 64-bit Operands

31

0

255

255

31

0

X7 X6 X5 X4 X3 X2 X1 X0
Y7 Y6 Y5 Y4 Y3 Y2 Y1 Y0
Y7 X7 Y6 X6 Y3 X3 Y2 X2
X7 X6 X5 X4 X3 X2 X1 X0
Y7 Y6 Y5 Y4 Y3 Y2 Y1 Y0
Y7 X7 Y6 X6 Y3 X3 Y2 X2

SRC

255

0

X7 X6 X5 X4 X3 X2 X1 X0
Y7 Y6 Y5 Y4 Y3 Y2 Y1 Y0
Y7 X7 Y6 X6 Y3 X3 Y2 X2

DEST

Figure 4-17. 256-bit VPUNPCKHDQ Instruction Operation

When the source data comes from a 64-bit memory operand, the full 64-bit operand is accessed from memory, but the instruction uses only the high-order 32 bits. When the source data comes from a 128-bit memory operand, an implementation may fetch only the appropriate 64 bits; however, alignment to a 16-byte boundary and normal segment checking will still be enforced.

The (V)PUNPCKHBW instruction interleaves the high-order bytes of the source and destination operands, the (V)PUNPCKHWD instruction interleaves the high-order words of the source and destination operands, the (V)PUNPCKHDQ instruction interleaves the high-order doubleword (or doublewords) of the source and destination operands, and the (V)PUNPCKHQDQ instruction interleaves the high-order quadwords of the source and destina-tion operands.

These instructions can be used to convert bytes to words, words to doublewords, doublewords to quadwords, and quadwords to double quadwords, respectively, by placing all 0s in the source operand. Here, if the source operand contains all 0s, the result (stored in the destination operand) contains zero extensions of the high-order data elements from the original value in the destination operand. For example, with the (V)PUNPCKHBW instruction the high-order bytes are zero extended (that is, unpacked into unsigned word integers), and with the (V)PUNPCKHWD instruction, the high-order words are zero extended (unpacked into unsigned doubleword integers).

In 64-bit mode, using a REX prefix in the form of REX.R permits this instruction to access additional registers (XMM8-XMM15).

Legacy SSE versions: The source operand can be an MMX technology register or a 64-bit memory location. The destination operand is an MMX technology register.

128-bit Legacy SSE versions: The second source operand is an XMM register or a 128-bit memory location. The first source operand and destination operands are XMM registers. Bits (VLMAX-1:128) of the corresponding YMM destination register remain unchanged.

VEX.128 encoded versions: The second source operand is an XMM register or a 128-bit memory location. The first source operand and destination operands are XMM registers. Bits (VLMAX-1:128) of the destination YMM register are zeroed.

VEX.256 encoded version: The second source operand is an YMM register or a 256-bit memory location. The first source operand and destination operands are YMM registers.

Note: VEX.L must be 0, otherwise instructions will #UD.

Operation

PUNPCKHBW instruction with 64-bit operands:

    DEST[7:0] ← DEST[39:32];
    DEST[15:8] ← SRC[39:32];
    DEST[23:16] ← DEST[47:40];
    DEST[31:24] ← SRC[47:40];
    DEST[39:32] ← DEST[55:48];
    DEST[47:40] ← SRC[55:48];
    DEST[55:48] ← DEST[63:56];
    DEST[63:56] ← SRC[63:56];

PUNPCKHW instruction with 64-bit operands:

    DEST[15:0] ← DEST[47:32];
    DEST[31:16] ← SRC[47:32];
    DEST[47:32] ← DEST[63:48];
    DEST[63:48] ← SRC[63:48];

PUNPCKHDQ instruction with 64-bit operands:

    DEST[31:0] ← DEST[63:32];
    DEST[63:32] ← SRC[63:32];

PUNPCKHBW instruction with 128-bit operands:

    DEST[7:0]← DEST[71:64];
    DEST[15:8]  ← SRC[71:64];
    DEST[23:16] ← DEST[79:72];
    DEST[31:24] ← SRC[79:72];
    DEST[39:32] ← DEST[87:80];
    DEST[47:40] ← SRC[87:80];
    DEST[55:48] ← DEST[95:88];
    DEST[63:56] ← SRC[95:88];
    DEST[71:64] ← DEST[103:96];
    DEST[79:72] ← SRC[103:96];
    DEST[87:80] ← DEST[111:104];
    DEST[95:88] ← SRC[111:104];
    DEST[103:96]  ← DEST[119:112];
    DEST[111:104] ← SRC[119:112];
    DEST[119:112] ← DEST[127:120];
    DEST[127:120] ← SRC[127:120];

PUNPCKHWD instruction with 128-bit operands:

    DEST[15:0]  ← DEST[79:64];
    DEST[31:16] ← SRC[79:64];
    DEST[47:32] ← DEST[95:80];
    DEST[63:48] ← SRC[95:80];
    DEST[79:64] ← DEST[111:96];
    DEST[95:80] ← SRC[111:96];
    DEST[111:96]  ← DEST[127:112];
    DEST[127:112] ← SRC[127:112];

PUNPCKHDQ instruction with 128-bit operands:

    DEST[31:0] ← DEST[95:64];
    DEST[63:32]  ← SRC[95:64];
    DEST[95:64]  ← DEST[127:96];
    DEST[127:96] ← SRC[127:96];

PUNPCKHQDQ instruction:

    DEST[63:0] ← DEST[127:64];
    DEST[127:64] ← SRC[127:64];

INTERLEAVE_HIGH_BYTES_256b (SRC1, SRC2)

DEST[7:0] ← SRC1[71:64]
DEST[15:8] ← SRC2[71:64]
DEST[23:16] ← SRC1[79:72]
DEST[31:24] ← SRC2[79:72]
DEST[39:32] ← SRC1[87:80]
DEST[47:40] ← SRC2[87:80]
DEST[55:48] ← SRC1[95:88]
DEST[63:56] ←SRC2[95:88]
DEST[71:64] ← SRC1[103:96]
DEST[79:72] ← SRC2[103:96]
DEST[87:80] ← SRC1[111:104]
DEST[95:88] ← SRC2[111:104]
DEST[103:96] ← SRC1[119:112]
DEST[111:104] ← SRC2[119:112]
DEST[119:112] ← SRC1[127:120]
DEST[127:120] ← SRC2[127:120]
DEST[135:128] ← SRC1[199:192]
DEST[143:136] ← SRC2[199:192]
DEST[151:144] ← SRC1[207:200]
DEST[159:152] ← SRC2[207:200]
DEST[167:160] ← SRC1[215:208]
DEST[175:168] ← SRC2[215:208]
DEST[183:176] ← SRC1[223:216]
DEST[191:184] ←SRC2[223:216]
DEST[199:192] ← SRC1[231:224]
DEST[207:200] ← SRC2[231:224]
DEST[215:208] ← SRC1[239:232]
DEST[223:216] ← SRC2[239:232]
DEST[231:224] ← SRC1[247:240]
DEST[239:232] ← SRC2[247:240]
DEST[247:240] ← SRC1[255:248]
DEST[255:248] ← SRC2[255:248]

INTERLEAVE_HIGH_BYTES (SRC1, SRC2)

DEST[7:0] ← SRC1[71:64]
DEST[15:8] ← SRC2[71:64]
DEST[23:16] ← SRC1[79:72]
DEST[31:24] ← SRC2[79:72]
DEST[39:32] ← SRC1[87:80]
DEST[47:40] ← SRC2[87:80]
DEST[55:48] ← SRC1[95:88]
DEST[63:56] ←SRC2[95:88]
DEST[71:64] ← SRC1[103:96]
DEST[79:72] ← SRC2[103:96]
DEST[87:80] ← SRC1[111:104]
DEST[95:88] ← SRC2[111:104]
DEST[103:96] ← SRC1[119:112]
DEST[111:104] ← SRC2[119:112]
DEST[119:112] ← SRC1[127:120]
DEST[127:120] ← SRC2[127:120]

INTERLEAVE_HIGH_WORDS_256b(SRC1, SRC2)

DEST[15:0] ← SRC1[79:64]
DEST[31:16] ← SRC2[79:64]
DEST[47:32] ← SRC1[95:80]
DEST[63:48] ← SRC2[95:80]
DEST[79:64] ← SRC1[111:96]
DEST[95:80] ← SRC2[111:96]
DEST[111:96] ← SRC1[127:112]
DEST[127:112] ← SRC2[127:112]
DEST[143:128] ← SRC1[207:192]
DEST[159:144] ← SRC2[207:192]
DEST[175:160] ← SRC1[223:208]
DEST[191:176] ← SRC2[223:208]
DEST[207:192] ← SRC1[239:224]
DEST[223:208] ← SRC2[239:224]
DEST[239:224] ← SRC1[255:240]
DEST[255:240] ← SRC2[255:240]

INTERLEAVE_HIGH_WORDS (SRC1, SRC2)

DEST[15:0] ← SRC1[79:64]
DEST[31:16] ← SRC2[79:64]
DEST[47:32] ← SRC1[95:80]
DEST[63:48] ← SRC2[95:80]
DEST[79:64] ← SRC1[111:96]
DEST[95:80] ← SRC2[111:96]
DEST[111:96] ←SRC1[127:112]
DEST[127:112] ← SRC2[127:112]

INTERLEAVE_HIGH_DWORDS_256b(SRC1, SRC2)

DEST[31:0] ← SRC1[95:64]
DEST[63:32] ← SRC2[95:64]
DEST[95:64] ← SRC1[127:96]
DEST[127:96] ← SRC2[127:96]
DEST[159:128] ← SRC1[223:192]
DEST[191:160] ← SRC2[223:192]
DEST[223:192] ← SRC1[255:224]
DEST[255:224] ← SRC2[255:224]

INTERLEAVE_HIGH_DWORDS(SRC1, SRC2)

DEST[31:0] ← SRC1[95:64]
DEST[63:32] ← SRC2[95:64]
DEST[95:64] ← SRC1[127:96]
DEST[127:96] ← SRC2[127:96]

INTERLEAVE_HIGH_QWORDS_256b(SRC1, SRC2)

DEST[63:0] ← SRC1[127:64]
DEST[127:64] ← SRC2[127:64]
DEST[191:128] ← SRC1[255:192]
DEST[255:192] ← SRC2[255:192]

INTERLEAVE_HIGH_QWORDS(SRC1, SRC2)

DEST[63:0] ← SRC1[127:64]
DEST[127:64] ← SRC2[127:64]

PUNPCKHBW (128-bit Legacy SSE Version)

DEST[127:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_BYTES(DEST, SRC)
DEST[VLMAX-1:128] (Unmodified)

VPUNPCKHBW (VEX.128 encoded version)

DEST[127:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_BYTES(SRC1, SRC2)
DEST[VLMAX-1:128] ← 0

VPUNPCKHBW (VEX.256 encoded version)

DEST[255:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_BYTES_256b(SRC1, SRC2)

PUNPCKHWD (128-bit Legacy SSE Version)

DEST[127:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_WORDS(DEST, SRC)
DEST[VLMAX-1:128] (Unmodified)

VPUNPCKHWD (VEX.128 encoded version)

DEST[127:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_WORDS(SRC1, SRC2)
DEST[VLMAX-1:128] ← 0

VPUNPCKHWD (VEX.256 encoded version)

DEST[255:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_WORDS_256b(SRC1, SRC2)

PUNPCKHDQ (128-bit Legacy SSE Version)

DEST[127:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_DWORDS(DEST, SRC)
DEST[VLMAX-1:128] (Unmodified)

VPUNPCKHDQ (VEX.128 encoded version)

DEST[127:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_DWORDS(SRC1, SRC2)
DEST[VLMAX-1:128] ← 0

VPUNPCKHDQ (VEX.256 encoded version)

DEST[255:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_DWORDS_256b(SRC1, SRC2)

PUNPCKHQDQ (128-bit Legacy SSE Version)

DEST[127:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_QWORDS(DEST, SRC)
DEST[255:127] (Unmodified)

VPUNPCKHQDQ (VEX.128 encoded version)

DEST[127:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_QWORDS(SRC1, SRC2)
DEST[255:127] ← 0

VPUNPCKHQDQ (VEX.256 encoded version)

DEST[255:0] ← INTERLEAVE_HIGH_QWORDS_256(SRC1, SRC2)

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalents

PUNPCKHBW:

__m64 _mm_unpackhi_pi8(__m64 m1, __m64 m2)

(V)PUNPCKHBW:

__m128i _mm_unpackhi_epi8(__m128i m1, __m128i m2)

VPUNPCKHBW:

__m256i _mm256_unpackhi_epi8(__m256i m1, __m256i m2)

PUNPCKHWD:

__m64 _mm_unpackhi_pi16(__m64 m1,__m64 m2)

(V)PUNPCKHWD:

__m128i _mm_unpackhi_epi16(__m128i m1,__m128i m2)

VPUNPCKHWD:

__m256i _mm256_unpackhi_epi16(__m256i m1,__m256i m2)

PUNPCKHDQ:

__m64 _mm_unpackhi_pi32(__m64 m1, __m64 m2)

(V)PUNPCKHDQ:

__m128i _mm_unpackhi_epi32(__m128i m1, __m128i m2)

VPUNPCKHDQ:

__m256i _mm256_unpackhi_epi32(__m256i m1, __m256i m2)

(V)PUNPCKHQDQ:

__m128i _mm_unpackhi_epi64 ( __m128i a, __m128i b)

VPUNPCKHQDQ:

__m256i _mm256_unpackhi_epi64 ( __m256i a, __m256i b)

Flags Affected

None.

Numeric Exceptions

None.

Other Exceptions

See Exceptions Type 4; additionally

#UD If VEX.L = 1.