TZCNT (Count the Number of Trailing Zero Bits)

Opcodes

Opcode/Instruction Op/En 64/32 -bit Mode CPUID Feature Flag Description
F3 0F BC /r TZCNT r16, r/m16 RM V/V BMI1 Count the number of trailing zero bits in r/m16, return result in r16.
F3 0F BC /r TZCNT r32, r/m32 RM V/V BMI1 Count the number of trailing zero bits in r/m32, return result in r32.
REX.W + F3 0F BC /r TZCNT r64, r/m64 RM V/N.E. BMI1 Count the number of trailing zero bits in r/m64, return result in r64.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
A ModRM:reg (w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA

Description

TZCNT counts the number of trailing least significant zero bits in source operand (second operand) and returns the result in destination operand (first operand). TZCNT is an extension of the BSF instruction. The key difference between TZCNT and BSF instruction is that TZCNT provides operand size as output when source operand is zero while in the case of BSF instruction, if source operand is zero, the content of destination operand are undefined. On processors that do not support TZCNT, the instruction byte encoding is executed as BSF.

Operation

temp ← 0
DEST ← 0
DO WHILE ( (temp 
 OperandSize) and (SRC[ temp] = 0) )
    temp ← temp +1
    DEST ← DEST+ 1
OD
IF DEST = OperandSize
    CF ← 1
ELSE
    CF ← 0
FI
IF DEST = 0
    ZF ← 1
ELSE
    ZF ← 0
FI

Flags Affected

ZF is set to 1 in case of zero output (least significant bit of the source is set), and to 0 otherwise, CF is set to 1 if the input was zero and cleared otherwise. OF, SF, PF and AF flags are undefined.

Intel C/C++ Compiler Intrinsic Equivalent

TZCNT:

unsigned __int32 _tzcnt_u32(unsigned __int32 src);

TZCNT:

unsigned __int64 _tzcnt_u64(unsigned __int64 src);

Protected Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) For an illegal memory operand effective address in the CS, DS, ES, FS or GS segments. If the DS, ES, FS, or GS register is used to access memory and it contains a null segment selector.
#SS(0) For an illegal address in the SS segment.
#PF (fault-code) For a page fault.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) If any part of the operand lies outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH.
#SS(0) For an illegal address in the SS segment.

Virtual 8086 Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) If any part of the operand lies outside of the effective address space from 0 to 0FFFFH.
#SS(0) For an illegal address in the SS segment.
#PF (fault-code) For a page fault.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in Protected Mode.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form.
#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.
#PF (fault-code) For a page fault.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.