CMP (Compare Two Operands)

Opcodes

Opcode Instruction Op/En 64-Bit Mode Compat/Leg Mode Description
3C ib CMP AL, imm8 I Valid Valid Compare imm8 with AL.
3D iw CMP AX, imm16 I Valid Valid Compare imm16 with AX.
3D id CMP EAX, imm32 I Valid Valid Compare imm32 with EAX.
REX.W + 3D id CMP RAX, imm32 I Valid N.E. Compare imm32 sign-extended to 64-bits with RAX.
80 /7 ib CMP r/m8, imm8 MI Valid Valid Compare imm8 with r/m8.
REX + 80 /7 ib CMP r/m8*, imm8 MI Valid N.E. Compare imm8 with r/m8.
81 /7 iw CMP r/m16, imm16 MI Valid Valid Compare imm16 with r/m16.
81 /7 id CMP r/m32, imm32 MI Valid Valid Compare imm32 with r/m32.
REX.W + 81 /7 id CMP r/m64, imm32 MI Valid N.E. Compare imm32 sign-extended to 64-bits with r/m64.
83 /7 ib CMP r/m16, imm8 MI Valid Valid Compare imm8 with r/m16.
83 /7 ib CMP r/m32, imm8 MI Valid Valid Compare imm8 with r/m32.
REX.W + 83 /7 ib CMP r/m64, imm8 MI Valid N.E. Compare imm8 with r/m64.
38 /r CMP r/m8, r8 MR Valid Valid Compare r8 with r/m8.
REX + 38 /r CMP r/m8*, r8* MR Valid N.E. Compare r8 with r/m8.
39 /r CMP r/m16, r16 MR Valid Valid Compare r16 with r/m16.
39 /r CMP r/m32, r32 MR Valid Valid Compare r32 with r/m32.
REX.W + 39 /r CMP r/m64,r64 MR Valid N.E. Compare r64 with r/m64.
3A /r CMP r8, r/m8 RM Valid Valid Compare r/m8 with r8.
REX + 3A /r CMP r8*, r/m8* RM Valid N.E. Compare r/m8 with r8.
3B /r CMP r16, r/m16 RM Valid Valid Compare r/m16 with r16.
3B /r CMP r32, r/m32 RM Valid Valid Compare r/m32 with r32.
REX.W + 3B /r CMP r64, r/m64 RM Valid N.E. Compare r/m64 with r64.

NOTES:

*

In 64-bit mode, r/m8 can not be encoded to access the following byte registers if a REX prefix is used: AH, BH, CH, DH.

Instruction Operand Encoding

Op/En Operand 1 Operand 2 Operand 3 Operand 4
RM ModRM:reg (r, w) ModRM:r/m (r) NA NA
MR ModRM:r/m (r, w) ModRM:reg (w) NA NA
MI ModRM:r/m (r, w) imm8 NA NA
I AL/AX/EAX/RAX imm8 NA NA

Description

Compares the first source operand with the second source operand and sets the status flags in the EFLAGS register according to the results. The comparison is performed by subtracting the second operand from the first operand and then setting the status flags in the same manner as the SUB instruction. When an immediate value is used as an operand, it is sign-extended to the length of the first operand.

The condition codes used by the Jcc, CMOVcc, and SETcc instructions are based on the results of a CMP instruction. Appendix B, “EFLAGS Condition Codes,” in the Intel® 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer’s Manual, Volume 1, shows the relationship of the status flags and the condition codes.

In 64-bit mode, the instruction’s default operation size is 32 bits. Use of the REX.R prefix permits access to addi-tional registers (R8-R15). Use of the REX.W prefix promotes operation to 64 bits. See the summary chart at the beginning of this section for encoding data and limits.

Operation

temp ← SRC1 − SignExtend(SRC2);
ModifyStatusFlags; (* Modify status flags in the same manner as the SUB instruction*)

Flags Affected

The CF, OF, SF, ZF, AF, and PF flags are set according to the result.

Protected Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit. If the DS, ES, FS, or GS register contains a NULL segment selector.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.

Real-Address Mode Exceptions

#GP If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.
#SS If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.

Virtual-8086 Mode Exceptions

#GP(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the CS, DS, ES, FS, or GS segment limit.
#SS(0) If a memory operand effective address is outside the SS segment limit.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.

Compatibility Mode Exceptions

Same exceptions as in protected mode.

64-Bit Mode Exceptions

#SS(0) If a memory address referencing the SS segment is in a non-canonical form.
#GP(0) If the memory address is in a non-canonical form.
#PF(fault-code) If a page fault occurs.
#AC(0) If alignment checking is enabled and an unaligned memory reference is made while the current privilege level is 3.
#UD If the LOCK prefix is used.